RENO, Nev. — A Nevada federal judge on Jan. 21 excluded testimony from a medical expert for the defendant in a personal injury action stemming from a car crash after finding that the expert’s methodology lacked reliability (Urszula Brumer, et al. v. Laurie Ann Gray, No. 3:17-cv-00576, D. Nev., 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 9649).
CHICAGO — An Illinois federal judge on Jan. 21 stripped plaintiffs suing their insurer over lactation services coverage under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) of their expert witness testimony for lack of reliability and then denied their bid for class certification for lack of common issues (Laura Briscoe, et al. v. Health Care Service Corporation, et al., No. 1:16-cv-10294, N.D. Ill., 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 9447).
SAN FRANCISCO — The California federal judge overseeing the Viagra/Cialis melanoma multidistrict litigation on Jan. 13 allowed plaintiffs to present expert testimony that it is biologically plausible for the erectile dysfunction drugs to cause progression of melanoma, but he granted a defendants’ motion to exclude opinions on general causation (In Re: Viagra and Cialis Products Liability Litigation, No. 16-md-2691, N.D. Calif., 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 7216).
JERSEY CITY, N.J. — A New Jersey state appeals court on Jan. 17 affirmed the exclusion of two plaintiff experts opinions for “methodological defects,” a ruling that the trial court applied to 3,231 other cases alleging that the acne drug Accutane caused plaintiffs to develop inflammatory bowel disease (In Re: Accutane Litigation, No. A-4952-16T1, N.J. Super., App. Div., 2020 N.J. Super. Unpub. LEXIS 123).
RICHMOND, Va. — An insurance company’s expert can testify in a coverage dispute for money paid by a company that got duped by a phishing scheme because he meets all of the requirements for an expert witness, a Virginia federal judge held Jan. 15 (Quality Plus Services, Inc. v. National Union Fire Insurance Company of Pittsburgh, Pa., No. 3:18-cv-454, E.D. Va., 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 7337).
NEW ORLEANS — The Fifth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals on Jan. 15 upheld the federal government’s calculations in its determination that a Texas home health care provider owes more than $12 million for Medicare overpayments, affirming that a Daubert analysis is not needed for agency actions (Palm Valley Health Care, Inc. v. Alex M. Azar II, No. 18-41067, 5th Cir., 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 1371).
WASHINGTON, D.C. — The U.S. Supreme Court needs to decide whether law enforcement officers offering lay opinions based on their experience should testify instead as experts under Federal Rule of Evidence 702, a man convicted of smuggling cocaine tells the high court in his Jan. 6 petition for a writ of certiorari (Lenin Lugo v. United States, No. 19-855, U.S. Sup., 2020 U.S. S. CT. BRIEFS LEXIS 66).
ST. LOUIS — A Missouri federal judge on Jan. 9 refused to bar opinions on the reasonableness of requested legal fees made by insolvent funeral insurers’ receiver and state insurance guaranty associations in a dispute regarding allegations over the mishandling of the insurers’ funds (Jo Ann Howard & Associates P.C., et al. v. J. Douglas Cassity, et al., No. 09-01252, E.D. Mo.).
TUSCALOOSA, Ala. — Treating physicians for a college student who killed herself after allegedly being raped by a prominent businessman can testify as fact witnesses about the posttraumatic stress disorder she suffered after the incident in her parents’ civil suit against the alleged rapist, an Alabama federal judge ruled Jan. 13 (Michael W. Rondini, et al. v. Terry J. Bunn, No. 7:17-cv-01114, N.D. Ala., 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 5496).
BALTIMORE — A Maryland federal judge on Jan. 3 allowed one of two opinions by an expert for a couple suing a beauty products store in a personal injury action and then denied summary judgment to the store, finding that the question of whether the store breached its duty to inspect the premises must be answered at trial (Penny S. Rice, et al. v. SalonCentric Inc., No. 1:18-cv-1980, D. Md., 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 1014).
BUFFALO, N.Y.— A federal judge in New York on Dec. 30 denied a couple’s motion to certify a nationwide class for borrowers who claim that Bank of America N.A. violated the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) by failing to use reasonable diligence when reviewing loan modification applications, holding that their expert’s report showed that the proposed class lacked commonality and that individual issues predominated over classwide questions (Bobbi Jackson, et al. v. Bank of America N.A., No. 16-CV-757, W.D. N.Y., 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 222511).
FORT MYERS, Fla.— A federal judge in Florida on Jan. 6 granted a city’s motion for partial summary judgment on a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) claim brought by residents who lived near a site where lime sludge from the city’s wastewater treatment plant was dumped, holding that there is no evidence that the site presents an imminent or substantial risk to human health or the environment since the sludge has been removed (Deretha Miller, et al. v. City of Fort Myers, No. 18-cv-195, M.D. Fla., 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 1356).
ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. — An orthopedic surgeon can testify as an expert about the standard of care a woman received following knee surgery but cannot opine that she will need cosmetic surgery because that is not his area of expertise, a New Mexico federal magistrate judge said Dec. 30 in mostly denying a motion to strike in a medical malpractice case (Holly Salzman v. United States, No. 1:18-cv-779, D. N.M., 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 222381).
NEW YORK — Two nephews of the first lady of Venezuela lost challenges to their cocaine trafficking convictions when the Second Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals on Dec. 20 affirmed the verdicts and 18-year sentences after finding no error in allowing a drug informant to testify as a lay witness, not an expert, on being able to identify cocaine (United States v. Efrain Antonio Campo Flores, et al., Nos. 17-4039, 17-4141, 2nd Cir., 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 37956).
CAPE GIRARDEAU, Mo. — Not every opinion by an expert for a plaintiff in a trip-and-fall case against a department store is admissible, but enough are to help defeat the store’s bid for summary judgment, a Missouri federal judge held Dec. 23 (Randy Lee Bailey v. Menard, Inc., No. 1:18-cv-00065, E.D. Mo., 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 219841).
TULSA, Okla. — An expert’s opinions in a breach of contract action between two property abstract companies fail due to a lack of proper methodology, an Oklahoma federal judge ruled Dec. 27 in excluding the expert’s testimony from trial (Oklahoma Digital Abstract, LLC v. Imersion Global Incorporated, No. 4:18-cv-398, N.D. Okla., 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 221522).
WASHINGTON, D.C. — Transcripts of testimony from three prosecution experts in the 1972 trial of a man convicted of murder cannot be used in the man’s court-ordered retrial because the testimony does not meet the current standards of Federal Rule of Evidence 702 and Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals Inc., 509 U.S. 579 (1993), a District of Columbia federal judge held Dec. 20 (United States v. John Milton Ausby, No. 1:72-cr-67, D. D.C., 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 218971).
ATLANTA — A federal court properly allowed a Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) researcher to testify as an expert at trial for three indicted cocaine smugglers, the 11th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals decided Dec. 18, finding the expert’s opinions on smuggling drugs by boat both reliable and relevant (United States v. Armando Reyes-Garcia, et al., No. 18-10144, 11th Cir., 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 37414).
DES MOINES, Iowa — An Iowa appeals court on Nov. 27 affirmed a $4.9 million jury award to a woman who fractured her ankle when she fell on an icy sidewalk outside a hotel, holding that the award was not excessive and that the trial court did not abuse its discretion by permitting certain expert testimony (Brenda J. Alcala v. Marriott International Inc., et al., No. 18-1453, Iowa App., 2019 Iowa App. LEXIS 1058).
LONDON, Ky. — A doctor is qualified to testify in a malpractice case, and his opinion that poor medical care caused a woman with a blood clot to lose her leg is reliable, a Kentucky federal judge held Dec. 17 in denying a motion to exclude the expert’s testimony (Debra Chesnut, et al. v. United States, et al., No. 6:17-cv-00079, E.D. Ky., 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 216622).