SAN FRANCISCO — The Ninth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals on Feb. 4 declined to rehear its ruling that the federal government correctly determined that a California Indian tribe’s reorganization effort was invalid, that its membership is not limited to five individuals in one faction and that the United States does not recognize the leadership of the tribal government (California Valley Miwok Tribe, et al. v. Ryan K. Zinke, et al., No. 17-16321, 9th Cir., 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 3468).
WASHINGTON, D.C. — A District of Columbia federal judge on Feb. 5 sent an Indian tribe’s challenge to the federal government’s approvals of hydraulic fracturing wells on the tribe’s reservation to North Dakota federal court at the request of the drilling company, rejecting the tribe’s assertion that its choice of venue deserved “substantial deference” (Mandan Hidatsa and Arikara Nation v. U.S. Department of the Interior, et al., No. 18-1462, D. D.C., 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 17975).
WINDOW ROCK, Ariz. — The sovereignty of the Navajo Nation would be jeopardized by not allowing child sex abuse allegations against the Mormon Church to proceed in tribal court to at least produce a factual record, the Navajo Nation Supreme Court held Dec. 28 in denying a bid by the church to have the case dismissed (Corporation of the President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, et al. v. Window Rock District Court, et al., No. SC-CV-42-18, Navajo Nation Sup., 2018 Navajo Sup. LEXIS 5).
FORT MYERS, Fla. — While the Seminole Tribe of Florida’s hunting and fishing rights are not abrogated by two federal environmental laws, its right to sell alligator eggs is subject to “reasonable and necessary conservation measures” by the government, a federal judge decided Feb. 4 in denying a tribal member’s motion to dismiss a criminal action against him for selling thousands of alligator eggs (United States v. Jack W. Turtle, No. 2:18-cr-88, M.D. Fla., 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 17331).
GREEN BAY, Wis. — A Wisconsin federal judge on Jan. 31 dismissed an Oneida tribal member’s civil rights claims against the tribe’s business committee over her failed petition for tribal per capita payments, finding no federal jurisdiction or valid allegations for the claims (Gladys D. Dallas v. Tehassi Hill, et al., No. 18-C-1657, E.D. Wis., 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 15166).
PASADENA, Calif. — The Ninth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals on Jan. 28 affirmed a California county’s collection of a state tax on U.S. trust lands leased by an Indian tribe after finding that the tax is not preempted by federal law (Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians v. Riverside County, et al., No. 17-56003, 9th Cir., 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 2791).
WASHINGTON, D.C. — The Federal Communications Commission trampled on federal law when it adopted rules in 2017 limiting Congress’ mandate to provide affordable broadband and telecommunications services to low-income Native Americans living on tribal land, the District of Columbia Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals held Feb. 1 (National Lifeline Association, et al. v. Federal Communications Commission, et al., Nos. 18-1026, 18-1080, D.C. Cir., 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 3278).
WASHINGTON, D.C. — The Department of the Interior needs to do a better job providing Native Americans with information on its tribal funding decisions and tracking how the funds are disbursed, the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) said Jan. 29 in a Senate subcommittee report on tribal self-governance.
WASHINGTON, D.C. — Whether an Indian tobacco company must pay federal excise taxes on its products hinges on the interpretation of an 1855 treaty, which is the U.S. Supreme Court’s task in another case that awaits a decision, so the company’s petition for a writ of certiorari in its fight against a $57.9 million judgment against it should be held until the other case is decided, the company says in its petition, which was docketed Jan. 29 (King Mountain Tobacco Co., Inc. v. United States, No. 18-984, U.S. Sup.).
PHOENIX — An Arizona court did not abuse its discretion in recognizing a tribal court’s award of attorney fees to a tribe in a former casino worker’s losing suit against casino management over his firing, an Arizona appellate panel determined Jan. 22, saying the tribal court’s decision is entitled to comity by the state courts (Chemehuevi Indian Tribe, et al. v. Gregory F. Mullally, No. CV 18-0175, Ariz. App., Div. 1, 2019 Ariz. App. Unpub. LEXIS 72).
SALT LAKE CITY — A Utah federal judge on Jan. 24 denied the Ute Indian Tribe’s request to recuse another judge from a water rights case, rejecting the tribe’s claim that the judge “is heavily biased against both the Ute Tribe and the fundamental tenets of Federal Indian law and policy” (Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation v. Gregory D. McKee, et al., No. 2:18-cv-314, D. Utah, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 12472).
WASHINGTON, D.C. — Three couples who own homes on a Washington Indian reservation turned to the U.S. Supreme Court on Jan. 24 seeking review of a Ninth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals ruling that the couples’ quiet title claims against the tribe are barred by the tribe’s sovereign immunity (Thomas Mitchell, et al. v. Tulalip Tribes of Washington, No. 18-970, U.S. Sup.).
CORPUS CHRISTI, Texas — Three Texas inmates won their six-year fight to grow their hair long in prison based on their Native American religious beliefs when a federal judge on Jan. 24, on remand from the Fifth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals, awarded them judgment on their Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act (RLUIPA) claims (Robbie Dow Goodman, et al. v. Lorie Davis, et al., No. 2:12-cv-166, S.D. Texas).
RENO, Nev. — Finding no substantial justification for the way the federal government treated a Native American tribe in denying it federal recognition, a Nevada federal judge on Jan. 24 awarded the tribe more than $102,000 for its attorney fees (Winnemucca Indian Colony, et al. v. United States, et al., No. 3:11-cv-00622, D. Nev., 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 11309).
SAN FRANCISCO — The Ninth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals on Jan. 22 vacated summary judgment in favor of a Native American tribe in a declaratory lawsuit against the state of Washington, saying that under the well-pleaded complaint rule, the tribe cannot use its claim to sovereign jurisdiction to create federal jurisdiction (Stillagumish Tribe of Indians v. Washington, et al., No. 17-35722, 9th Cir., 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 1943).
DENVER — A panel of the 10th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals on Jan. 18 reversed and remanded a hydraulic fracturing lease case, holding that the U.S. Bureau of Land Management (BLM) lacked the authority to require landowners to provide the agency with a key to a lease site on privately owned land (Maralex Resources Inc., et al. v. David Barnhardt, et al., No. 17-1421, 10th Cir., 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 1705).
WASHINGTON, D.C. — An 11th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals ruling that a Florida Indian tribe must pay federal taxes on millions of dollars in gaming revenue that it distributes per capita to tribal members demands review because it infringes on Indian tribes’ rights to self-governance, a tribe and one of its members say in separate Jan. 7 U.S. Supreme Court petitions for writs of certiorari (Miccosukee Tribe of Indians v. United States, No. 18-895, 2019 U.S. S. Ct. Briefs LEXIS 86, and Sally Jim v. United States, No. 18-891, U.S. Sup., 2019 U.S. S. Ct. Briefs LEXIS 83).
WASHINGTON, D.C. — A District of Columbia federal judge on Jan. 16 directed the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) to restore federal recognition to a California Indian tribe after finding that a federal regulation is invalid and that the DOI’s decision to deny the tribe recognition was “arbitrary, capricious, and not in accordance with law” (Koi Nation of Northern California v. U.S. Department of the Interior, et al., No. 17-1718, D. D.C., 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 7859).
WASHINGTON, D.C. — A couple have taken their slip-and-fall action against an Indian casino to the U.S. Supreme Court, arguing in a Jan. 10 petition for a writ of certiorari that the 10th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals’ holding that the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA) does not authorize the transfer of jurisdiction to state courts for such tort claims conflicts with high court precedent (Harold McNeal, et ux. v. Navajo Nation, et al., 18-894, U.S. Sup., 2019 U.S. S. Ct. Briefs LEXIS 85).
WASHINGTON, D.C. — The Federal Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals’ ruling that an Indian tribe’s sovereign immunity cannot shield a drug company from inter partes review (IPR) of patents should be vacated because it conflicts with U.S. Supreme Court precedent, a tribe and drugmaker argue in their petition for a writ of certiorari, docketed Jan. 11 with the high court (Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe, et al. v. Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc., et al., No. 18-899, U.S. Sup.).