FORTH WORTH, Texas — An association that represents trampoline park franchises failed to demonstrate associational standing to pursue claims for relief against a franchisor that it alleges made unilateral changes to the franchise agreements that affect profitability, a Texas federal judge ruled May 6, granting a motion to dismiss the case.
SAN DIEGO — A federal magistrate judge in California on May 12 granted in part a motion to compel discovery brought by the plaintiffs in a putative class action accusing a hotel franchise of violating California’s unfair competition law (UCL) and other state statutes, writing that the bulk of the franchise’s objections to discovery were unfounded and ordering sanctions against it for raising objections to discovery that the court previously said were unmeritorious.
NEWARK, N.J. — A New Jersey federal judge issued a temporary injunction on May 6 to enforce tax preparation franchisor Jackson Hewitt’s post-termination noncompete and nonsolicitation restrictions against a former franchisee but limited the injunction to 18 months instead of the requested two years.
SAN DIEGO — The state of California on April 30 moved to dismiss an amended complaint filed by four franchising-related associations challenging the constitutionality of the state’s “ABC Test” to determine whether a worker is an employee or independent contractor. The state argues to a federal court that the associations fail to allege a case or controversy and lack standing.
PITTSBURGH — A no-hire provision ancillary to a services contract between a logistics provider and a shipping company is unenforceable because it unreasonably restrains trade, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court ruled April 29 in an issue it noted was one of first impression.
DAYTON, Ohio — A federal judge in Ohio on May 7 declined to follow an August U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) opinion letter adopting the “approximation” standard commonly used in the pizza industry for reimbursing delivery drivers for expenses and instead ruled that the employers must pay drivers for their actual expenses or reimburse pursuant to the Internal Revenue Service’s mileage rate.
CLEVELAND — In adopting in part and modifying in part a magistrate judge’s report and recommendation on May 7, an Ohio federal judge found a professional softball league liable to the franchise team it sued for breach of contract for more than $480,000 in attorney fees and costs. The judge also held the league and its attorneys jointly and severally liable for more than $287,000 in attorney fees and costs for discovery sanctions.
ORLANDO, Fla. — A Florida federal jury awarded a former Burger King cashier more than $2 million in compensatory and punitive damages on May 4, finding that a franchisee of the fast food giant illegally fired her because she had breathing problems and was fitted with a visible trachea tube in her neck.
SACRAMENTO, Calif. — Finding no showing of immediate, irreparable injury, a federal judge in California on May 4 denied a motion for a preliminary injunction brought by small businesses and franchisees against the seller of bone density improvement center franchises in their lawsuit alleging claims including fraud, negligent misrepresentation and violation of California’s unfair competition law (UCL).
EAST ST. LOUIS, Ill. — An Illinois federal judge on May 3 refused to reconsider an order excluding a former employee’s expert report from a proposed class action over a sandwich chain franchisor’s contractual no-poach agreement, finding that the former employee’s motion did not demonstrate “a manifest error of law or fact” that would warrant reconsideration.
MIAMI — Although BMW of North America LLC (BMW NA) had a duty to supplement its discovery submissions to the plaintiff in a franchise agreement lawsuit to include pertinent documents subsequently filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, a Florida federal magistrate judge on April 24 held that sanctions against the automaker were unwarranted, denying the plaintiff franchisee’s motion to that end.
MINNEAPOLIS — In an April 26 order, a federal judge in Minnesota ruled that there is “no reason” to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over contract claims leveled by a franchisor in view of the franchisor’s voluntary dismissal of allegations of trademark infringement.
COLUMBUS, Ohio — Two sex trafficking survivors demonstrated that corporate records and other documents sought from Wyndham Hotels & Resorts Inc. and its subsidiaries related to the company’s general knowledge of sex trafficking occurring are relevant to their claims of liability under a federal sex trafficking law, an Ohio federal magistrate judge ruled April 30, granting the plaintiffs’ motion to compel.
NEWARK, N.J. — A New Jersey federal judge on April 27 refused to grant class certification in an action brought by 20 tax preparation franchise employees who allege their employer illegally deducted the value of prepaid gift cards from their earnings, which resulted in lower commission payments.
DETROIT — A Michigan federal judge on April 27 declined to revisit his judgment that a franchisor violated the Florida Deceptive and Unfair Trade Practices Act (FDUTPA) but must return only a $39,000 franchise fee to the former franchisee, saying that neither party raised issues that warrant reconsidering the case and denying the franchisee’s request for $342,871 in attorney fees.
NEW YORK — A week after the Second Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals denied a motion for a six-month abeyance of appeal sought by the Biden administration’s Labor secretary in an appeal filed by the secretary under the Trump administration, the states and commonwealths that sued the prior secretary challenging the U.S. Department of Labor’s (DOL) final rule revising its regulations interpreting vertical joint employer liability filed an appellee brief on April 16 asking the court to affirm the District Court’s ruling vacating the rule.
ATLANTA — A Florida district court must determine whether it had subject matter jurisdiction “in the first instance” before an appeal proceeds on its dismissal of Tim Hortons franchisees’ predatory business scheme claims against a franchisor, the 11th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals said April 27, remanding the case upon finding a dispute about whether diversity jurisdiction existed because the association failed to allege its place of incorporation to establish diversity of citizenship.
SYRACUSE, N.Y. — A New York justice on April 13 granted an insurer’s motion to dismiss a breach of contract lawsuit seeking coverage for losses arising from the coronavirus pandemic, finding that the hotel owners fail to allege any direct physical loss or damage to their premises to trigger coverage under the business interruption, ingress/egress, civil and military authority and rental insurance policy provisions.
BOSTON — In briefs filed April 19 and Feb. 16, respectively, convenience store chain 7-Eleven and franchisees, who filed a proposed class action alleging they were misclassified as contractors rather than employees, ask the First Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals to determine whether Massachusetts’ three-prong test for independent contractor status conflicts with federal franchising regulations.
MIAMI — A trial court erred in dismissing predatory business scheme claims against a Tim Hortons franchisor because the complaint properly states a plausible claim for relief, an association of the restaurant’s franchisees argues to the 11th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals in its April 16 appellant brief, which followed court-requested briefs on whether the court has diversity jurisdiction over the appeal.